All predicatesShow -- Dispatch requests in the HTTP server

This module can be placed between and the application code to associate HTTP locations to predicates that serve the pages. In addition, it associates parameters with locations that deal with timeout handling and user authentication. The typical setup is:

server(Port, Options) :-
                    [ port(Port)
                    | Options

:- http_handler('/index.html', write_index, []).

write_index(Request) :-
Source http_handler(+Path, :Closure, +Options) is det
Register Closure as a handler for HTTP requests. Path is a specification as provided by If an HTTP request arrives at the server that matches Path, Closure is called with one extra argument: the parsed HTTP request. Options is a list containing the following options:
Demand authentication. Authentication methods are pluggable. The library provides a plugin for user/password based Basic HTTP authentication.
Use Transfer-encoding: chunked if the client allows for it.
If present, the handler is ignored if Goal does not succeed.
Specifies the content-type of the reply. This value is currently not used by this library. It enhances the reflexive capabilities of this library through http_current_handler/3.
Identifier of the handler. The default identifier is the predicate name. Used by http_location_by_id/2.
If true on a prefix-handler (see prefix), possible children are masked. This can be used to (temporary) overrule part of the tree.
Declare that the handler processes Method. This is equivalent to methods([Method]). Using method(*) allows for all methods.
Declare that the handler processes all of the given methods. If this option appears multiple times, the methods are combined.
Call Pred on any location that is a specialisation of Path. If multiple handlers match, the one with the longest path is used. Options defined with a prefix handler are the default options for paths that start with this prefix. Note that the handler acts as a fallback handler for the tree below it:
:- http_handler(/, http_404([index('index.html')]),
If two handlers handle the same path, the one with the highest priority is used. If equal, the last registered is used. Please be aware that the order of clauses in multifile predicates can change due to reloading files. The default priority is 0 (zero).
Run the handler in a seperate thread. If SpawnOptions is an atom, it is interpreted as a thread pool name (see create_thread_pool/3). Otherwise the options are passed to http_spawn/2 and from there to thread_create/3. These options are typically used to set the stack limits.
One of infinite, default or a positive number (seconds). If default, the value from the setting http:time_limit is taken. The default of this setting is 300 (5 minutes). See setting/2.

Note that http_handler/3 is normally invoked as a directive and processed using term-expansion. Using term-expansion ensures proper update through make/0 when the specification is modified. We do not expand when the cross-referencer is running to ensure proper handling of the meta-call.

- existence_error(http_location, Location)
See also
- http_reply_file/3 and http_redirect/3 are generic handlers to serve files and achieve redirects.
Source http_delete_handler(+Spec) is det
Delete handler for Spec. Typically, this should only be used for handlers that are registered dynamically. Spec is one of:
Delete a handler with the given id. The default id is the handler-predicate-name.
Delete handler that serves the given path.
Source next_generation is det[private]
Source current_generation(-G) is det[private]
Increment the generation count.
 compile_handler(+Path, :Pred, +Options) is det[private]
Compile a handler specification. For now we this is a no-op, but in the feature can make this more efficiently, especially in the presence of one or multiple prefix declarations. We can also use this to detect conflicts.
Source combine_methods(+OptionsIn, -Options) is det[private]
Combine method(M) and methods(MList) options into a single methods(MList) option.
Source check_path(+PathSpecIn, -PathSpecOut) is det[private]
Validate the given path specification. We want one of
  • AbsoluteLocation
  • Alias(Relative)

Similar to absolute_file_name/3, Relative can be a term Component/Component/...

- domain_error, type_error
See also
- http_absolute_location/3
Source http_dispatch(Request) is det
Dispatch a Request using http_handler/3 registrations.
Source http_current_handler(+Location, :Closure) is semidet
http_current_handler(-Location, :Closure) is nondet
True if Location is handled by Closure.
Source http_current_handler(+Location, :Closure, -Options) is semidet
http_current_handler(?Location, :Closure, ?Options) is nondet
Resolve the current handler and options to execute it.
Source http_location_by_id(+ID, -Location) is det
Find the HTTP Location of handler with ID. If the setting (see setting/2) http:prefix is active, Location is the handler location prefixed with the prefix setting. Handler IDs can be specified in two ways:
If this appears in the option list of the handler, this it is used and takes preference over using the predicate.
The module-qualified name of the predicate.
The unqualified name of the predicate.
- existence_error(http_handler_id, Id).
- The predicate http_link_to_id/3 provides the same functionality with the option to add query parameters or a path parameter.
Source http_link_to_id(+HandleID, +Parameters, -HREF)
HREF is a link on the local server to a handler with given ID, passing the given Parameters. This predicate is typically used to formulate a HREF that resolves to a handler implementing a particular predicate. The code below provides a typical example. The predicate user_details/1 returns a page with details about a user from a given id. This predicate is registered as a handler. The DCG user_link//1 renders a link to a user, displaying the name and calling user_details/1 when clicked. Note that the location (root(user_details)) is irrelevant in this equation and HTTP locations can thus be moved freely without breaking this code fragment.
:- http_handler(root(user_details), user_details, []).

user_details(Request) :-
                    [ user_id(ID)

user_link(ID) -->
    { user_name(ID, Name),
      http_link_to_id(user_details, [id(ID)], HREF)
    html(a([class(user), href(HREF)], Name)).
Parameters- is one of
  • path_postfix(File) to pass a single value as the last segment of the HTTP location (path). This way of passing a parameter is commonly used in REST APIs.
  • A list of search parameters for a GET request.
See also
- http_location_by_id/2 and http_handler/3 for defining and specifying handler IDs.
Source http_reload_with_parameters(+Request, +Parameters, -HREF) is det
Create a request on the current handler with replaced search parameters.
Source authentication(+Options, +Request, -Fields) is det[private]
Verify authentication information. If authentication is requested through Options, demand it. The actual verification is done by the multifile predicate http:authenticate/3. The library provides an implementation thereof.
- permission_error(access, http_location, Location)
Source find_handler(+Path, -Action, -Options) is det[private]
Find the handler to call from Path. Rules:
  • If there is a matching handler, use this.
  • If there are multiple prefix(Path) handlers, use the longest.

If there is a handler for /dir/ and the requested path is /dir, find_handler/3 throws a http_reply exception, causing the wrapper to generate a 301 (Moved Permanently) reply.

- existence_error(http_location, Location) @throw http_reply(moved(Dir))
To be done
- Introduce automatic redirection to indexes here?
Source supports_method(+Request, +Options) is det[private]
Verify that the asked http method is supported by the handler. If not, raise an error that will be mapped to a 405 page by the http wrapper.
- permission_error(http_method, Method, Location).
Source action(+Action, +Request, +Options) is det[private]
Execute the action found. Here we take care of the options time_limit, chunked and spawn.
- goal_failed(Goal)
Source call_action(+Action, +Request, +Options)[private]
To be done
- reply_file is normal call?
Source http_reply_file(+FileSpec, +Options, +Request) is det
Options is a list of
If true (default), handle If-modified-since and send modification time.
Overrule mime-type guessing from the filename as provided by file_mime_type/2.
If true (default false) and, in addition to the plain file, there is a .gz file that is not older than the plain file and the client acceps gzip encoding, send the compressed file with Transfer-encoding: gzip.
If false (default), validate that FileSpec does not contain references to parent directories. E.g., specifications such as www('../../etc/passwd') are not allowed.
Provides additional reply-header fields, encoded as a list of Field(Value).

If caching is not disabled, it processes the request headers If-modified-since and Range.

- http_reply(not_modified)
- http_reply(file(MimeType, Path))
Source http_safe_file(+FileSpec, +Options) is det
True if FileSpec is considered safe. If it is an atom, it cannot be absolute and cannot have references to parent directories. If it is of the form alias(Sub), than Sub cannot have references to parent directories.
- instantiation_error
- permission_error(read, file, FileSpec)
Source http_redirect(+How, +To, +Request) is det
Redirect to a new location. The argument order, using the Request as last argument, allows for calling this directly from the handler declaration:
:- http_handler(root(.),
                http_redirect(moved, myapp('index.html')),
How- is one of moved, moved_temporary or see_other
To- is an atom, a aliased path as defined by http_absolute_location/3. or a term location_by_id(Id). If To is not absolute, it is resolved relative to the current location.
Source http_404(+Options, +Request) is det
Reply using an "HTTP 404 not found" page. This handler is intended as fallback handler for prefix handlers. Options processed are:
If there is no path-info, redirect the request to Location using http_redirect/3.
- http_reply(not_found(Path))
Source http_switch_protocol(:Goal, +Options)
Send an "HTTP 101 Switching Protocols" reply. After sending the reply, the HTTP library calls call(Goal, InStream, OutStream), where InStream and OutStream are the raw streams to the HTTP client. This allows the communication to continue using an an alternative protocol.

If Goal fails or throws an exception, the streams are closed by the server. Otherwise Goal is responsible for closing the streams. Note that Goal runs in the HTTP handler thread. Typically, the handler should be registered using the spawn option if http_handler/3 or Goal must call thread_create/3 to allow the HTTP worker to return to the worker pool.

The streams use binary (octet) encoding and have their I/O timeout set to the server timeout (default 60 seconds). The predicate set_stream/2 can be used to change the encoding, change or cancel the timeout.

This predicate interacts with the server library by throwing an exception.

The following options are supported:

Backward compatible. Use headers(+Headers).
Additional headers send with the reply. Each header takes the form Name(Value).
Source path_tree(-Tree) is det[private]
Compile paths into a tree. The treee is multi-rooted and represented as a list of nodes, where each node has the form:
node(PathOrPrefix, Action, Options, Children)

The tree is a potentially complicated structure. It is cached in a global variable. Note that this cache is per-thread, so each worker thread holds a copy of the tree. If handler facts are changed the generation is incremented using next_generation/0 and each worker thread will re-compute the tree on the next ocasion.

Source prefix_tree(PrefixList, +Tree0, -Tree)[private]
Tree- list(Prefix-list(Children))
Source prefix_options(+PrefixTree, +DefOptions, -OptionTree)[private]
Generate the option-tree for all prefix declarations.
To be done
- What to do if there are more?
Source add_paths_tree(+OPTree, -Tree) is det[private]
Add the plain paths.
Source plain_path(-Path, -Action, -Options) is nondet[private]
True if {Path,Action,Options} is registered and Path is a plain (i.e. not prefix) location.
 add_path_tree(+Path, +Action, +Options, +Tree0, -Tree) is det[private]
Add a path to a tree. If a handler for the same path is already defined, the one with the highest priority or the latest takes precedence.
Source next_generation is det[private]
Source current_generation(-G) is det[private]
Increment the generation count.