This module finds literals of the RDF database based on words, stemming and sounds like (metaphone). The normal user-level predicate is
- Set options for the literal package. Currently defined options
true, print progress messages while building the index tables.
- Number of threads to use for initial indexing of literals
- How to deal with indexing new literals. How is one of
self(execute in the same thread),
thread(N)(execute in N concurrent threads) or
default(depends on number of cores).
- Add a token to the dynamic stopgap set if it appears in more than Count literals. The default is 50,000.
- rdf_find_literal(+Spec, -Literal) is nondet
- rdf_find_literals(+Spec, -Literals) is det
- Find literals in the RDF database matching Spec. Spec is defined
Spec ::= and(Spec,Spec) Spec ::= or(Spec,Spec) Spec ::= not(Spec) Spec ::= sounds(Like) Spec ::= stem(Like) % same as stem(Like, en) Spec ::= stem(Like, Lang) Spec ::= prefix(Prefix) Spec ::= between(Low, High) % Numerical between Spec ::= ge(High) % Numerical greater-equal Spec ::= le(Low) % Numerical less-equal Spec ::= Token
stem(Like)both map to a disjunction. First we compile the spec to normal form: a disjunction of conjunctions on elementary tokens. Then we execute all the conjunctions and generate the union using ordered-set algorithms.
Stopgaps are ignored. If the final result is only a stopgap, the predicate fails.
- rdf_token_expansions(+Spec, -Extensions)
- Determine which extensions of a token contribute to finding literals.
- compile_spec(+Spec, -Compiled)[private]
- Compile a specification as above into disjunctive normal form
- nnf(+Formula, -NNF)[private]
- Rewrite to Negative Normal Form, meaning negations only appear around literals.
- dnf(+NNF, -DNF)[private]
- Convert a formula in NNF to Disjunctive Normal Form (DNF)
- Get the index of tokens. If not present, create one from the current database. Once created, the map is kept up-to-date using a monitor hook.
- Create the initial literal index.
- Clean after a reset.
- Fully delete a literal index
- Setup literal monitoring using threads. While loading databases through rdf_attach_db/2 from rdf_persistency.pl, most of the time is spent updating the literal token database. While loading the RDF triples, most of the time is spend in updating the AVL tree holding the literals. Updating the token index hangs on updating the AVL trees holding the tokens. Both tasks however can run concurrently.
- check_index_workers(+Queue, +Keys)[private]
- Increase the number of workers indexing literals sent to Queue if the queue gets overful.
- Associate the tokens of a literal with the literal itself.
- Literal is removed from the database. As we abstract from lang and type qualifiers we first have to check this is the last one that is destroyed.
- rdf_tokenize_literal(+Literal, -Tokens) is semidet
- Tokenize a literal. We make this hookable as tokenization is generally domain dependent.
- rdf_stopgap_token(-Token) is nondet
- True when Token is a stopgap token. Currently, this implies one
exclude_from_index(token, Token)is true
- Token is an atom of length 1
- Token was added to the dynamic stopgap token set because it appeared in more than stopgap_threshold literals.
- Tokens we do not wish to index, as they creat huge amounts of data with little or no value. Is there a more general way to describe this? Experience shows that simply word count is not a good criterium as it often rules out popular domain terms.
- text_of(+LiteralArg, -Lang, -Text) is semidet[private]
- Get the textual or (integer) numerical information from a literal value. Lang is the language to use for stemming. Currently we use English for untyped plain literals or literals typed xsd:string. Formally, these should not be tokenized, but a lot of data out there does not tag strings with their language.
- stem_index(-Map) is det[private]
- Get the stemming literal index. This index is created on demand. If some thread is creating the index, other threads wait for its completion.
- rdf_literal_index(+Type, -Index) is det
- True when Index is a literal map containing the index of Type.
Type is one of:
- Tokens are basically words of literal values. See
tokenmap maps tokens to full literal texts.
- Index of stemmed tokens. If the language is available, the
tokens are stemmed using the matching snowball stemmer.
stemmap maps stemmed to full tokens.
- Phonetic index of tokens. The
metaphonemap maps phonetic keys to tokens.